Polarization in Europe

In 2023, the Mercator Forum Migration and Democracy (MIDEM) published the study Polarization in Europe. A comparative analysis of ten European countries, which for the first time examined so-called issue-related affective polarization on a larger scale. The data is based on an online survey of over 20,000 respondents in 10 European countries. The focus was on the comparison between countries and topics. However, less attention has so far been paid to country-specific results. This publication fills this gap by providing detailed findings for each of the ten countries. It illustrates the country-specific results with a comparative view of Europe in a clear set of tables.